No doubt, we all know and follow the traffic light rules. When it is red, you stop. When it is yellow, you become cautious. When it is green, you pass. But have you ever wondered why the traffic lights show red, yellow, and green? Why not any other colors? For this we need to go back to the history of traffic lights.
Traffic lights were first established in London in 1868 solely for controlling rail-road traffic. It basically consisted of two arms that would move in horizontal direction to alert others about the incoming of the train. What’s interesting is these arms were naturally invisible during the night time. So the rail-road engineers decided to employ simple lights on the arm. Red was naturally chosen as the stop signal. And green was chosen as the caution signal. The reason for choosing the color green is unknown.
The first time the traffic lights employed three colors was when it was used in the rail-road system. They used the trio color red, green and white. Red was for stop, green for caution and white to signal go. The white light was posing immense problems. The surrounding street lights created an illusion and the drivers thought the signal shows them that the car is ready to go. These obviously led to many accidents.
This is when the yellow color was included in the traffic lights. Red being the color associated with blood was used as a stop signal, green being the color of nature that gives the feeling of relaxation was used to signal that drivers can go. Lastly, the color yellow replaced green as the signal for caution as it can be easily viewed in the night time.